Edited by Jehad Abusalim, Jennifer Bing, and Michael Merryman-Lotze. Haymarket Books, 2022. 280 pages. $45/hardcover; $24.95/paperback; $9.99/eBook.
A plaque in a classroom at Earlham School of Religion where courses on the Bible are taught states, “Context is everything.”
In his poem “Harlem,” Langston Hughes asks, “What happens to a dream deferred? // Does it dry up / like a raisin in the sun? . . . // Maybe it just sags / like a heavy load. // Or does it explode?”
I was reminded of these quotes when I learned of the assault by Hamas on Israeli targets earlier this month and Israel’s retaliation. Quaker peacemaking asks the question, what are the seeds of war, and how may they be removed before they sprout and grow? In other words, what is the context out of which the current cycle of violence emerged?
And what might those deferred dreams be that led to the result of an explosion? Certainly for Israel it was the shattered dream of a military and intelligence operation that afforded a sense of security and safety. What was it for Gaza?
Light in Gaza is an antidote to many misconceptions about Gaza as it helps explain the context out of which the current explosion has occurred. Along the way, it describes what chef Anthony Bourdain, himself, found during the filming of his Parts Unknown cable show in Gaza in 2012: “Regular people doing everyday things . . . but robbed of their basic humanity” (paraphrased from Bourdain’s acceptance speech for an award from the Muslim Public Affairs Council).
Three American Friends Service Committee staff members who have worked on issues of Palestine and Israel for a combined total of more than 50 years have skillfully gathered and edited essays by 11 Gazans that explore far more details about life in the Strip than media sound bites provide. The purpose of the anthology is to show how Gaza is typically described through an oppressive occupier’s lens as it attempts to erase the history of the occupied. As the contributors reveal the reality of an ongoing Nakba (“Catastrophe”), they seek to break the intellectual blockade of Gaza, just as activists continue to seek an end to the physical blockade imposed on it.
I once asked an Israeli soldier about an assault on Ramallah that I witnessed, wondering why there were more than 50 armored vehicles and hundreds of soldiers for an operation to blow up one uninhabited apartment. He responded, “Everything like that is meant to be a statement.” In a chapter on growing up in Gaza through several Israeli assaults, Refaat Alareer describes how the violence and targeted killings made such statements, and what the impact was of losing more than 30 family relatives through Israeli attacks since 2001. Yet as a professor of English literature in Gaza, he taught Jewish characters in Shakespeare sympathetically.
Asmaa Abu Mezied’s chapter presents the realities of everyday life in Gaza that counter the dominant narrative, and contrasts the myth of “a land without a people for a people without a land” by describing Palestinians’ rootedness in the land and the flourishing agriculture they have practiced. Shahd Abusalama gives a history of the more than 530 Palestinian villages destroyed in Israel’s creation and describes the ongoing confiscation of Palestinian land and spread of settlements as a continuation of a settler-colonial project that Palestinians have a right to resist—as much as Ukrainians have the right to resist Russian occupation.
Salem Al Qudwa’s chapter explores the implications for structural design of buildings given constant attacks and the difficulty of getting materials. Suhail Taha shares about the creative ways Gazans deal with Israel’s control of two-thirds of the Strip’s electricity and the darkness that prevails when power is available only four hours a day. Nour Naim writes in her chapter about Israel’s use of artificial intelligence to control Palestinians and how Gazans themselves could utilize AI in their own resistance.
Mosab Abu Toha writes about the devastation of his university in the 2014 attack on Gaza, how both Israel and the Palestinian Authority ban books critical of their policies, and how Jewish author Noam Chomsky sent books to replace those destroyed in the assault. Dorgham Abusalim recounts in detail living through the “fifty-one dreadful days” of the 2014 attack, even capturing one of the Israeli strikes on his mobile phone; watching it years later, he’s overwhelmed “with the fear I felt for my life and for my family.” Yousef M. Aljamal’s chapter explores travel restrictions as “continuing Nakba” and how the “Oslo Accords, the so-called peace accords,” led to a fragmentation of Palestinian community.
In his chapter, Israa Mohammed Jamal shares personal stories of the ethnic cleansing in 1948 and his own childhood trauma from the assaults on Gaza. Basman Aldirawi presents three possible scenarios for the future: (1) no solution and a continuation of the status quo, (2) a two-state resolution that would continue to impose restrictions on Palestinians’ lives, and (3) one democratic state in which Gazans are able to live like anyone else. In light of the current response by Israel to the Hamas attack, the fear is that a “solution” will be a wholesale destruction of Gaza and trauma that will last for decades for both Gazans and Israelis. Already there is talk of how this war may push Israel finally to accept some form of a two-state solution simply to “separate” from Palestinians. Unfortunately, the option of a one-state solution now looks more remote than ever.
Gazans living like anyone else. It is what Anthony Bourdain found in 2012 that the people of Gaza could be—if not robbed of their humanity. Context is, indeed, everything. And, yes, if dreams, hopes, and aspirations are deferred, they explode.
Max L. Carter is the retired director of Friends Center at Guilford College. His book Palestine and Israel: A Personal Encounter (Barclay Press) chronicles his long association with Quaker work in the Middle East. He is a member of New Garden Meeting in Greensboro, N.C.