Palestine and Israel

A Decolonial Framework for Justice and Peace

© Dave Marzotto

When Canada’s acclaimed aboriginal poet Lee Maracle first met Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish, she remarked, “He spoke to something so old inside my body, it felt like floating on a sea of forever.” She composed “Remembering Mahmoud 1986” to mark his death in 2012. The opening lines of the poem read:

Mahmoud’s poems are beads of sweat
Dripping from stressed and weathered foreheads
To fall near silent amid the incessant Israeli bombs
To rise—pearls of blood—from between the bits of rubble
Clutched by Palestinians chasing a livelihood
From a shrinking land base

They become desperate word flowers
Blooming nonetheless from a land
Occupied by settlers
Chronically stealing the lives of children

What Maracle expressed when she met Darwish was a validation of her own condition as an indigenous woman forced off her land, stripped of her cultural memory, and struggling to thrive in a system designed to eliminate her people. The lines of verse describe the political reality known as settler colonialism, illustrating its distinct feature: the replacement of indigenous populations with an outside settler society. Both Israel and the United States—as well as Canada, Australia, and others—are settler colonial societies. One of the lessons we have learned from organizing for justice for Palestinians and other marginalized people is that native history must be centered. The decolonial discourse of indigenous struggles for land, self-determination, and sovereignty is the necessary lens through which to articulate and pursue visions for collective liberation.

Israel’s privileging of Jews over non-Jews ensures that it cannot be both Jewish and democratic.

The situation in Palestine and Israel is often described as complicated. Declaring the issue as complicated is a way to avoid coming to terms with our own responsibility; confusion; and inability to support the rights of a colonized, indigenous people. Understanding the nature of settler colonialism clarifies the struggle over Palestine. A settler colonial lens puts the focus on the root cause of the injustice and, thus, the path to justice and peace among Palestinians and Israelis. Those genuinely interested in the fate of the peoples of this land need to reckon with the reality of Israel’s foundation, reject myths, and commit to decolonization.

Grasping the full truth of Israel’s foundation requires examination of the Palestinian Nakba, the Arabic word for “catastrophe.” The Nakba refers to the events of 1948 that led to the establishment of the state of Israel, the destruction of hundreds of Palestinians villages, and the ethnic cleansing of over 750,000 Palestinians. Displacement of Palestinians by Israel continues today. The logic of Zionism, the ideology of Jewish nationalism that defines Israel, requires acquiring the maximum amount of land with a minimum number of Palestinians. Jewish supremacy in Palestine is central to the Zionist project.

Israel’s own leaders openly talk about the settler colonial foundations of the state. Moshe Dayan said in 1969:

We came here to a country that was populated by Arabs, and we are building here a Hebrew, a Jewish state; instead of the Arab villages, Jewish villages were established. You even do not know the names of those villages, and I do not blame you because these villages no longer exist. There is not a single Jewish settlement that was not established in the place of a former Arab village.

Israel’s privileging of Jews over non-Jews ensures that it cannot be both Jewish and democratic.

Quakers do not acknowledge the settler colonial nature of Zionism and Israel’s subjugation of the Palestinians. The minutes and statements of Quaker meetings and organizations focus on competing national narratives, “cycles of violence,” and “two irreconcilable claims to the land.” This discourse is deeply flawed and damaging as it gives cover to oppression. How can we move forward for justice and peace if we don’t understand the root of the violence?

The “two narratives” myth brings with it a peculiar set of problems in Quaker circles.

The violence of settler colonialism can only be addressed through decolonization, a process which begins with the rejection of myths. Philosopher Karl Popper said, “True ignorance is not the absence of knowledge, but the refusal to acquire it.” Palestinian scholar Yamila Shannan clarifies this notion by adding, “Ignorance is the presence of myth.” Taking into account the catastrophic results of the creation of Israel from Palestinians debunks the myths that surround use of terms like “Holy Land” and tropes like “two peoples for one land.” Just as no person is “illegal,” all land is holy.

One oft-repeated myth is that any critique of Israel is anti-Semitic. Palestinians have the unfortunate reality of facing oppression at the hands of the victims of European anti-Semitism. Edward Said spoke to this condition when he said, “To be the victim of a victim does present quite unusual difficulties.” Many Quakers condemn Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS). They see BDS as refusing to see the humanity of Israeli Jews and, thus, as anti-Semitic. Understanding settler colonialism and decolonization clarifies that resistance to forced displacement would exist, regardless of whom the oppressor is.

The “two narratives” myth brings with it a peculiar set of problems in Quaker circles. Quakers promote dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians an an avenue for reconciliation. As Palestinians, we are constantly invited into spaces to sit opposite Zionists to engage in “dialogue.” In such settings, we are basically being asked to justify our own humanity. How do you dialogue with those who espouse an ideology and policies that are premised on a denial of your people’s humanity and its ongoing dispossession? To appear with those who insist on maintaining Jewish supremacy in our homeland is to normalize our own oppression. We don’t believe it is enough to end the military occupation in the West Bank and Gaza. We cannot separate the military occupation from the fate of Palestinian citizens of Israel, who are subjected to at least 50 discriminatory laws, home demolitions, and police brutality. Nor can we abandon millions of Palestinian refugees to permanent exile. It is not unreasonable for us to demand full dignity, equality, and freedom.

Finally, a settler colonial framework requires solutions rooted in decolonization. Quakers must advocate for solutions that dismantle Israel’s racist foundations. That means any logic which supports settler colonialism must also be rejected. Quakers are compelled to take an introspective look at the ways in which they contribute to colonialism in Palestine. Quakers are complicit in unjust systems through programs, policies, and institutions that act as tools of oppression. We offer these critiques to bring the Quaker community into a full keeping with its rich legacy of seeking justice.

[quote]What shift in thinking about Palestinians would take place in a decolonization of the school?[/quote]

Quaker institutions contribute to the dehumanization of Palestinians by imposing outside norms on Palestinian society and making judgments about who is fit to lead Palestinian liberation. The Ramallah Friends School and the principles guiding the work of American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) are two examples of Quaker colonialism in practice.

The Ramallah Friends School was originally opened in 1889 as the Girls Training Home of Ramallah, a boarding school teaching Western and Quaker values. While today the school is praised for its legacy of producing Palestinian intellectual, social, and political leaders and for its rich tradition of antiestablishment politics against the Israeli occupation, the origins of the school and its history are reminiscent of “Indian” boarding schools, as the Ramallah Friends School is a product of U.S. educational imperialism. Otherwise, why is it that the head of school for such a prominent Palestinian institution is appointed by Friends United Meeting (FUM) of Richmond, Indiana? Further, the school boasts that its graduates attend top universities around the world. Of these top universities, 106 of the 123 schools on the list are Western universities. There is a subconscious (or perhaps conscious) emphasis that Western institutions are inherently better than others. Institutions like the Ramallah Friends School are tools of colonialism because they package and impose what is idealized by Western Quakers on an indigenous Palestinian population. What would decolonization of Ramallah Friends School look like? What shift in thinking about Palestinians would take place in a decolonization of the school?

An essential part of decolonizing Quaker spaces and actions means that Quakers must acknowledge and respect that Palestinian communities have immense knowledge and resources, which predate the establishment of Quaker institutions in Palestine.

American Friends Service Committee also perpetuates colonialist tendencies. For example, there are no Palestinians in leadership positions on the organization’s Israel-Palestine Coordinating Committee, and the country representative for Israel and Palestine is European. It is not that those currently in these positions are ill-informed on the subject or unqualified to lead others. We also acknowledge that the current program leadership has inherited staffing structures that have been difficult to remedy in times of budget crisis. Rather, this observation illustrates that AFSC, as a non-governmental organization, exercises colonialist practices by excluding Palestinians from leading their own struggle for liberation. The decision to put white Americans and Europeans in positions of power implies that Palestinians are not fit to govern themselves or to have agency over their own liberation work. An essential part of decolonizing Quaker spaces and actions means that Quakers must acknowledge and respect that Palestinian communities have immense knowledge and resources, which predate the establishment of Quaker institutions in Palestine.

AFSC’s “Principles for a Just and Lasting Peace Between Palestinians and Israelis” has largely remained static since 1999. The principles are outdated and present a problematic framework for understanding the situation in Palestine. The document attempts to lay out solutions for Palestinians and Israelis including a section on self-determination that reads in part:

AFSC affirms the right of both Israelis and Palestinians to live as sovereign peoples in their own homeland, a right that encompasses the possibility of choosing two separate states. We acknowledge that other options such as a bi-national state and confederation are being discussed.

Quaker process can be slow and biased toward a continuation of the status quo.

The “Principles” document goes on to say that “the issue here is of one land and two peoples” and that “no one’s right to self-determination should be exercised at the expense of someone else’s.” This framework is problematic in that it makes permanent the subjugation of the Palestinians. Jewish self-determination in the form of Zionism, an ideology as we explained earlier espouses Jewish supremacy on the land, is not justice. This principle essentially condones the existence of a Zionist (read white supremacist) nation. While a decolonial solution does not necessitate the expulsion of the colonizers, it does require that settler mentalities be expelled. Jews living in the land must concede power and supremacy over Palestinians. Maintaining Jewish supremacy in the interests of self-determination ensures continuing Palestinian oppression. What does Jewish self-determination mean on stolen land? What does self-determination for Palestinians mean when millions of Palestinians remain in exile to maintain a Jewish majority?

Quaker process can be slow and biased toward a continuation of the status quo. Given these hurdles, we challenge the AFSC board to take bold moves to adopt principles for a just peace for Palestinians and Israelis that is grounded in a decolonial framework guided by the indigeneity of the Palestinian people.

Melanie Yazzie, Dine (Navajo) scholar and artist, defines the decolonization nation-building process this way:

Decolonization is a future-oriented project that requires imagining, building, and fighting for forms of nationhood and self-determination not premised on the relations of exploitation, dispossession, elimination, and extraction that define liberal nationalisms and capitalist, imperial, and colonial formations.

Palestinians have the right to sovereignty simply because they are human and fully deserving of the same dignity and respect to which all other humans are entitled. AFSC’s “Principles” document says, “The surest road to peace is the path of empathy, where self interest can give way to shared interest, where separateness can give way to reconciliation, where domination can give way to justice.” We need much more than empathy for a “just peace.” The issue is one of land and control. The ability of Palestinians to empathize with and reconcile with Israelis is dependent on decolonization.

Quakers have a long history of standing up for justice, speaking truth to power, and railing against the status quo. We are calling for a more prophetic, courageous, and unapologetic Quaker position on justice for Palestinians. What prevents us from acknowledging the roots of this conflict? A settler colonial lens gives us insight to see clearly the way forward. This framing is vital for justice for Palestinians and Israelis, but it also is essential for coming to terms with this country’s settler colonial origins. It should inform how Quakers engage on issues of saving our environment, justice for indigenous peoples, and eliminating anti-Black racism. Decolonization promises freedom for us all.

Tabitha Mustafa is a name without a title. Sandra Tamari is a Palestinian American Quaker living in St. Louis, Mo. She is the director of strategic partnerships for the Adalah Justice Project, a Palestinian human rights organization.

Posted in: Features, Quakers and the Holy Land

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16 Responses to Palestine and Israel

  1. Ms. Lucy Duncan March 1, 2018 at 10:14 am #

    City & State
    Philadelphi, PA
    This comment is from Joyce Ajlouny for AFSC as an organization.

    The article by Tabitha Mustafa and Sandra Tamari raises many important and challenging points for Quakers and others to consider.

    We particularly appreciate the importance of always considering the colonial history and context of U.S. and European relationships with other parts of the world and how that reality can shape both organizational and individual understandings and approaches to work. This recognition must lead to a commitment to internalizing and working within anti-racist and decolonial frameworks as we engage in programming. We acknowledge that there is always space for growth or improvement.

    While appreciating Sandra and Tabitha’s challenge, we also think it important to offer additional context regarding AFSC’s work related to Palestine and Israel and how we hold ourselves accountable to Palestinians and Israelis as we do our work.

    Considering who leads work and how priorities are determined is important. While many of our staff are Palestinian, European and white American staff are serving in several key roles. Particularly in the U.S., AFSC would benefit from more Palestinian representation. However, the current staff structure did not result from a decision-making process that excludes or devalues Palestinian candidates and AFSC maintains a commitment in its hiring to non-discrimination and inclusion.

    And, while acknowledging staffing gaps, we also believe that the identities of staff alone cannot be the measure by which organizational accountability, relationships, and work are judged.

    AFSC’s Palestine and Israel work globally is guided by a set of priorities developed collaboratively by all AFSC staff working on Israel and Palestine programming, key Palestinian and Israeli partners, and outside advisors. That includes AFSC work on the issue in the U.S., which is coordinated with close communication with AFSC staff and partners in the region.

    These relationships are what have led us to organize the No Way to Treat a Child Campaign in partnership with the Palestinian organization Defense for Children International-Palestine, the Gaza Unlocked Campaign with staff and partners in Gaza, and to respond to the Palestinian boycott, divestment, and sanctions call.

    Through all our work we strive to use our privilege and access as an American international organization to provide needed support to Palestinian led initiatives and to open spaces that might otherwise be closed. AFSC never seeks to tell Palestinians how to approach their own liberation.

    Working to address the impacts of colonial and racist legacies and structures is part of an ongoing process at AFSC, not only within AFSC’s Israel and Palestine programming but also in the organization’s wider US and international work. Appointing a Palestinian American General Secretary and an African American board clerk, prioritizing hiring international staff from the countries where they work, and pushing forward anti-racism training for staff and board members are all steps in this ongoing process of change.

    In our Palestine and Israel work specifically, we remain committed to working for freedom, justice, and equality, recognizing that we can always be working closer to our principles and have room to grow.

    In peace,

    Joyce Ajlouny, General Secretary

  2. Malcolm Schosha March 11, 2018 at 8:54 am #

    City & State
    This article misquotes Moshe Dayan as saying in 1969:

    “We came here to a country that was populated by Arabs, and we are building here a Hebrew, a Jewish state; instead of the Arab villages, Jewish villages were established. You even do not know the names of those villages, and I do not blame you because these villages no longer exist. There is not a single Jewish settlement that was not established in the place of a former Arab village.”

    However, the quote edits out a key phrase: “…”we purchased the land from Arabs…”

    Also, the last sentence in the Dayan quote has also been seriously altered to change the meaning. What Dayan actually said is: “There isn’t any place that was established in an area where there had not at one time been an Arab settlement.”

    The translation of the actual statement by Dayan is as follows:

    “We came to a region of land that was inhabited by Arabs, and we set up a Jewish state. In a considerable number of places, we purchased the land from Arabs and set up Jewish villages where there had once been Arab villages. You don’t even know the names [of the previous Arab villages] and I don’t blame you, because those geography books aren’t around anymore. Not only the books, the villages aren’t around. Nahalal was established in the place of Mahalul, and Gvat was established in the place of Jibta, Sarid in the place of Huneifis and Kfar Yehoshua in the place of Tel Shaman. There isn’t any place that was established in an area where there had not at one time been an Arab settlement.”

    There is also a more general problem with this article by Tabitha Mustafa and Sandra Tamari , ie it presents the claim, that Israel is a colonialist entity, as an established fact, when that claim is actually a highly biased prejudgment and counterfactual. I have found ALL the articles in this issue of Friends Journal to present that same general biased claim about the nature and history of modern Israel. The only difference is that the other articles try to balance things out a little with some Friendly expressions of sympathy for those few Israelis who are decent people but are stuck with a government that has behaved viciously toward the hapless Palestinians. In this article, by Mustafa and Tamari, simply things by just presenting Israelis are vicious thieves, and Israel as an historic catastrophe for well meaning Palestinians.

    • Annie Pearl March 19, 2018 at 5:03 pm #

      City & State
      Portland, OR
      As a Jewish person who went to a Quaker school, I disagree with your last paragraph. It is akin to saying #NotAllIsraelis. Nowhere in the article do the authors imply that all Jews or Israelis support the occupation. They talk about the problems with Jewish supremacy and Zionist ideologies and reflect on the conflict of inhabiting a land that was taken from someone else. This is in no way mutually exclusive with the notion that some Israelis feel betrayed by their own government.

      On a different note, the phrase “Israel’s privileging of Jews over non-Jews ensures that it cannot be both Jewish and democratic” did not sit well with me, as it implies to me that a governing body being Jewish and democratic is not a possible thing. I think this is just an issue of phrasing though, as the authors don’t otherwise imply that there’s anything about Judaism itself that is incongruous with democracy. It is the idea of a religious-supremacist nation-state that is incongruous with democracy. I would suggest rephrasing this sentence.

      • Malcolm Schosha March 20, 2018 at 2:54 pm #

        City & State

        This sort of rote argument is frustrating because I went to some trouble to explain that, according to UN Resolution 242, the occupation is legal pending a land for peace deal. It is legal because it was captured in a war of defense. If the Palestinian Authority were, this very day, to recognize Israel’s right to exist and sign a promise of peace with Israel (ie a peace treaty), then it would be impossible for Israel not to accept and end the occupation.

        After all that has happened there, and all the current undisguised hatred of Jews there, I think it crazy for a Jew to go to live in the West Bank. But in fairness to the Israelis, nothing was stolen. Some of the land settlements are built on is land owned by Jews before they were ethnically cleansed by the Jordanian army in 1948, some of it is land legally purchased by Jews from Arab land owners in recent years, and some is on public land in Area C of the Oslo Accords that also allowed Arafat and his PLO to return to the West Bank and form the Palestinian Authority.

        Framing the discussion in terms of Israeli land theft that did not happen distorts the entire discussion. In informal logic, it is called the Loaded Question Fallacy. Asking Israelis to return land they have stolen is rather like asking me if I have stopped beating my wife. The question implies that a falsehood is established truth, and doing that is a calumny.

        • Chris King March 21, 2018 at 2:19 pm #

          City & State
          Ojai, CA
          The authors equated the Israeli presence in Palestine to the European presence in North America. In both instances, land, according to the dominant group, was purchased or readily available, or won as a result of defending against conflict. Euro-Americans are unlikely to return land once owned by the Wampanoag, the Narraganset or any of the dozens of original peoples who lived in North American when Europeans arrived. Europeans also share with Israelis the fact that they came from places where they were disadvantaged and persecuted. They came to the “new world” carrying the belief that God himself had given them this land in order to “Christianize savages”. Native people were sequestered and transported to ‘reservations’ because they were deemed dangerous to the new settlers. Their former territories were rapidly settled. Yes, lands were vacated by native peoples as a result of disease (but those diseases were imported and sometimes deliberately spread by Europeans who were immune.)

          I imagine many Palestinians view the admonition to let go of anger and live with Israelis in the same way that a Jewish person in Germany in 1950 would feel about being asked to learn to love Nazis. On the other hand, many Israelis seem to view the urge to befriend Palestinians the way European colonists would feel about being asked to befriend native peoples following “King Philip’s War.” That said, if peace is truly desired in the middle east it requiresreplacing the question ‘How can I get rid of these people who bedevil me?” with “How can I befriend, respect and come to love all my neighbors?”

          • Malcolm Schosha March 22, 2018 at 12:27 pm #

            City & State
            Chris, Jews have lived in Israel for about 5000 years, maybe more. There was never a time in the last 5000 years when Jews did not live there, although there were times the numbers were small due to expulsions. Neither are Arabs indigenous to Israel. They entered there by conquest in the 7th century.

        • Annie March 22, 2018 at 4:50 am #

          City & State
          Portland, OR
          It is clear, indeed, that we are operating from vastly different frameworks. Quakers don’t tend to accept the logic of war with so little questioning. I don’t think we can have a discussion until we agree on facts, which it’s clear we don’t. I encourage you to read up on the Nakhba and maybe some of the resources offered on the Jewish Voice for Peace website. Until then, best of luck to your wife.


          • Malcolm Schosha March 22, 2018 at 11:41 am #

            City & State
            Jewish Voice for Peace gives a completely one-sided point of view toward the situation in Israel. Instead of Quakers signing on with a group that is essentially opposed to the existence of Israel, what I was hoping for is that Quakers would look at both sides of the argument. But instead what I see here, in both the articles and the discussion, is what sounds like recent Swarthmore graduates who made the mistake of taking every outrageously negative claim made by the likes Sa’ed Atshan as God’s word.

      • ion March 21, 2018 at 1:53 pm #

        City & State
        Lekuwngen Territory, BC, Canada
        There is a difference between individuals choosing religious believes, and on the other hand, political states, or governments giving supremacy to a particular religious belief.

        No one is rejecting your religious freedom to join a religion. World citizens, of all religions, concerned about human rights are critical and oppose the apartheid laws and practices of the Political State of Israel.

        Yes, “a religious-supremacist nation-state… is incongruous with democracy. “

  3. Deborah Fink March 19, 2018 at 2:47 pm #

    City & State
    Ames, Iowa
    This gives occasion for Quaker pause and re-set. Quaker values of empathy and nonviolence are indeed worthy, and we hold to them. Yet when they are applied in a context of great injustice and violence, the effect too often comes out validating the status quo. Palestine being a prime example.
    Quakerism was born and raised in a culture of conquest and subjugation of non-Europeans. It’s in our DNA, even when we try our best to do good. We have internal things to work on, even as we continue using our best discernment on what we do in the world.
    Mustafa and Tamari give us critical information.
    Friends Journal is to be commended on providing cutting edge insights.

  4. Chris King March 19, 2018 at 9:43 pm #

    City & State
    Ojai, CA
    I find the arguments of Tabitha Mustafa and Sandra Tamari very compelling and feel they should receive every element of consideration. We who come from the western European tradition tend to view world events through the lens of our own regional history, religious convictions and mythologies that have risen out of them.

    When speaking to Israelis and Palestinians I have been concerned with the natural tendency to focus on the desire for immediate redress of continuing injustices. What could more natural? Clearly, Palestinians have a history of centuries of occupancy of this region. So the practical resolution of territorial conflict could, and perhaps should, be based on a clear path of ownership and usurpation.

    A useful discussion for Quakers might be examining the religious traditions that are based on a conviction that God himself has ordained ownership or colonization of lands and indoctrination of people. It seems to be forgotten that, no matter the inspiration, scriptures are written by human beings; humans beings with a particular agenda. Scripture may ‘contain’ divine truth, aka ‘the word of god’ but it is not, in its entirety, the word of god. What is, and is not scripture, has been decided by fallible human beings. If people decide that someone else is ‘without the law’, ‘an infidel’, ‘saved’ or ‘not saved’, the decision is based on their own desires and not some divine approval or rejection.

    Another useful activity is to imagine possible final resolutions to conflict in this region. Do Zionist Israelis dream of an Israel in which all Palestinians and Arabs have gracefully evaporated and the entire region is presided over by like-minded Jewish people? Do Palestinians imagine a world in which all Israelis have evaporated after paying substantial reparations and being punished for the pain and suffering they have caused? Do Christians believe that the spirit of Christ will sweep across the middle east causing all its citizens to come to the true faith? How realistic are any of these scenarios?

    One thing appears to be certain; If we try to destroy our enemies by war, colonization and absorption, or exile, we will guarantee that we will have more enemies and new enemies.

    • Deborah Fink March 20, 2018 at 10:42 am #

      City & State
      Ames, Iowa
      What Palestinians want is not one thing. They – like any people – are all over the map. What some of them want is to live side by side – Jews, Christians and Muslims – with justice and dignity. There is a powerful Palestinian movement in that direction. I like the writing of Palestinian Christian (Lutheran) Mitri Raheb and his vision of creative empowerment.

  5. Cap Kaylor March 20, 2018 at 12:40 pm #

    City & State
    So let me get this straight. Dialogue between Palestinians and Israeli Jews shouldn’t take place??? Just talking to your adversary is validating the status quo?

    Quakers have given the world a unique witness to peace and non-violence for 350 years. Violence can come in many forms. The BDS movement whose specific intent is to cause harm can only inflame the passions,anger, and sense of being threatened that many Israelis feel. Non-violence is not a temporary strategy to be used by the weak against the strong. It is a way of life founded on spiritual principles. Early Friends knew that. The state of Israel may have many deficiencies but let us be clear it is not an apartheid state. Check the facts: Arab judges, Arab members of Parliament, Arab doctors, etc.

    • ion delsol March 21, 2018 at 1:13 pm #

      City & State
      Lekuwngen Territory, BC, Canada
      There are exceptions to every rule, and tokenism, but the average Palestinian does not get the same services as Jewish Israelis do. That distinction is legislated in the Israeli Law, and that makes it Apartheid.
      Yes, it is debatable whether BDS is a form of violence. What do you suggest people do instead?

      • Malcolm Schosha March 21, 2018 at 3:00 pm #

        City & State
        You wrote: “…the average Palestinian does not get the same services as Jewish Israelis do. That distinction is legislated in the Israeli Law, and that makes it Apartheid.”

        Israeli law does not apply in the West Bank because it is not a part of Israel. The laws that do apply are those enacted by the Palestinian Authority, and the laws of military occupation. (According to UN Resolution 242 the occupation is legal pending a land for peace deal.) Within Israel, where Israel law does apply, one set of laws applies to all citizens. Certainly there are social issues that need to be remedied, but since one set of laws applies to Arabs as well as Jews, there is no basis for accusations of apartheid.

        Complaining that West Bank Arabs do not get the same services as Israelis, seems rather like complaining that Mexican residents of Ciudad Juárez don’t get the same services as US citizens of El Paso. If Israel were to annex the West Bank (chas v’chalila) then they would get the same services as all, Israelis.

        You might want to think about this:
        The average life expectancy of West Bank Palestinians is 72.5 years, which is a little better than the national average in Egypt. The average African American life expectancy in the District of Columbia is below that at 71.6 years, and at the Oglala Lakota reservation at Pine Ridge life expectancy is 49.5 years.

  6. ion delsol March 20, 2018 at 1:46 pm #

    City & State
    Lekuwngen Territory, BC, Canada
    Empathy, to me, means equal human right for all residents of Palestine/Israel, regardless of race or religion. To coerce the Israeli government to change their supremacist laws, we the international community need to Boycott, Divest and Sanction Israel. It worked in South Africa, and it will work in Israel. Peace will appear when justice is implemented.

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