U.S. Conscientious Objectors in World War II

World War II was a very important period in the history of U.S. conscientious objectors. When the draft was activated, it was the first peacetime draft in U.S. history, beginning before U.S. entry into the war. For the first time in a U.S. war, COs were permitted to serve their country not by being drafted into the military, but by engaging in alternative service called Civilian Public Service, or CPS. Also during World War II, the definition of CO was expanded to include religious persons who were not members of the three historic peace churches (Friends🔒

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John Mascari is a junior member of Westbury (N.Y.) Meeting. He wrote this paper and created a DVD to accompany several oral presentations of it in 2004, when he was an 8th grader at Friends Academy in Locust Valley, N.Y., where he now attends 10th grade.

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