One hundred and fifty thousand deaths every year, but who is the attacker? Three hundred thousand species of animals and plants die every single year. Can human beings be responsible for this great tragedy? Climate change, global warming, and weather crises are the death threats, but what caused them? Over the years this unpleasant issue has haunted us. In 2020, a flood lasted three days in Germany, killing 220; it swept away buildings and homes. This was caused by human beings burning fossil fuels, which made a powerful and rapid rain over summer. In Texas, a deadly hurricane in 1900 formed because of a sudden rise in water depth caused by global warming. These unfortunate events follow us. With goals and achievements, we can try to put a stop to them. Global warming is a huge factor that affects the world in many ways. This essay will shed light on the causes of global warming and its major effects on the world; it will also discuss climate activism and sustainability.
Global warming and climate change are caused by many different factors. Human beings are the biggest factor of them all; the smallest actions can lead to the biggest disasters. Human activities—such as burning the fossil fuels of oil, gas, and coal—release carbon dioxide that heats the planet. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United States produces 33 percent of its emissions through transportation, which is bad for the environment, as a huge amount of the carbon emission is trapped in the atmosphere and causes global warming. Moreover, throwing out trash causes 18 percent of the nitrous oxide gas emission. Additionally, using nitrogen-rich fertilizers for plants can be 300 times worse than carbon dioxide, and comprises 63 percent of the total amount of nitrous oxide in the atmosphere.
Global warming affects the world in many different ways, including the environment and us humans. Global warming plays a big factor in farming: farmers would have difficulty growing their crops due to water shortage and changes to the rainfall pattern, affecting the timing of the plants’ growth, as would heat waves and sudden floods. Moreover, the difficulty of growing crops affects us humans, reducing food availability and thus making food more expensive. Additionally, the death rate and illnesses will increase, since temperature change and added humidity increase the possibility of many deadly diseases. Global warming affects the habits of animals, too: animals that live in cold places, such as polar bears and seals, will not be able to survive due to the melting ice.
Climate activism helps us find solutions that can help reduce global warming. The Natural Resources Defense Council suggests multiple, helpful solutions, including reducing the amount of transportation: using one vehicle instead of two, carpooling, or even taking a bus. Another way to reduce global warming is to speak up and spread awareness. It seems like a task that’s too easy, but speaking up can help people join and hold hands, one by one, to help reduce global warming. People can also stop wasting food, water, and electricity. We can also start to generate electricity using the sun or hydroelectric power. One of the most important things to do is to reduce, reuse, and recycle. It’s important to try and come out with less waste. All in all, people should work together to follow these solutions to save the world from global warming.
To conclude, global warming is a huge issue with many causes and effects, and there are many ways to help reduce it. Human beings are the main cause of global warming, with their disinterest and their burning huge amounts of fuel. Humans waste food, water, and electricity, adding to the heat bit by bit. On the other hand, the effects of global warming are huge: if the ozone layer is destroyed, no one can survive it. However, humans can try to prevent that by working together and getting each other to drop wasteful habits. People should learn and help before it’s too late. As Benjamin Franklin once said, “When the well is too dry, we know the worth of water.”